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BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications) Course Details - An Overview

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BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications) Course Details - An Overview

05, January 2024

Brief Introduction about BCA

BCA stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications. It is an undergraduate program spanning around three years that equips students with the latest trends and technologies of the ever-evolving Information Technology (IT) industry. The entire curriculum of BCA is categorized into semesters, where two semesters mean one year. Thus, it won’t be wrong to say that BCA comprises six semesters spanning across three years. Besides learning about the core and latest technologies of the IT field, the BCA programs gear up students for practical sessions as well as mastering (specialization) a domain or technology of their choice.

Decoding the BCA Course

BCA stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications. It is an undergraduate program spanning around three years that equips students with the latest trends and technologies of the ever-evolving Information Technology (IT) industry. The entire curriculum of BCA is categorized into semesters, where two semesters mean one year. Thus, it won’t be wrong to say that BCA comprises six semesters spanning across three years. Besides learning about the core and latest technologies of the IT field, the BCA programs gear up students for practical sessions as well as mastering (specialization) a domain or technology of their choice. Decoding the BCA Course If you are interested in changing the world into a better, faster, and more reliable living place with fewer mouse clicks and minimum key strokes through the medium of apps developed by you for computers and mobile phones, then BCA is the right doorway for you. BCA is all about applying computer literacy, intermediate to higher, to actionable and rewarding software solutions for different types of industries. So, if you are keen to make a difference with coding and UI/UX, then go for the BCA. This program teaches you the core concepts of computer science and programming, operating systems, networking, database management, Web application development, software engineering, project management, etc. With the introduction of new actionable technologies that are in high demand, some institutes offer specialization in certain areas of study or fields of the BCA course, while others include them as elective subjects.

Since BCA course require logical and analytical thinking, mathematics in higher secondary school (XII) is mandatory to get enrolled in this course. Above that, if you have exposure to statistics and economics, then it is even better. A good command over the English command is highly recommended. Plus, your aggregated passout percentage in the higher secondary school should be 50% or above, and you must be in possession of the mark sheet of some commonly asked national-level entrance exam. Alternatively, you must be ready for a personal interview or group discussion conducted by institutes to shortlist potential candidates for their BCA course. The overall objective of this entire admission cycle is to find the best future leaders for business and society who could work and perform in any form of industry with the best results.

BCA Course Structure

A typical BCA course structure, semester-wise, that is followed by the majority of colleges and universities is listed here to give you an idea of what you will learn when you enter the BCA course.

BCA Semester 1

Subject Topics
Fundamentals of IT & Computers Introduction to computers
Characteristics of Computer System
Types of Computers
Number System and Base Conversions
Operating System
Types of OS
Windows Operating Environment
MS Word
MS Excel
MS PowerPoint
C Programming C Language
Control structures
Nested switch case
Introduction to problem-solving
Divide & conquer
Time complexity
Simple Arithmetic Problem
Functions Basics
Parameter Passing Techniques
Call by Value
Call by Reference
Scope Rules in C
Digital Electronics & Computer Organization Boolean Algebra
Logic Gates
Combinational Logic
Sequential Logic
Memory Organization
Input/Output Interfacing
Mathematics - 1 Determinants
Limits & Continuity
Chain Rule
Taylor Series
Relative Minima and Maxima
Successive Differentiation
Liebnitz Theorem
Beta Function
Gamma Function
Reduction Formula
Vector Algebra
Business Communication Means of Communication
Types of Communication
Written Communication
Business Letters & Reports
Drafting of business letters
IT for Communication
C Language Lab Programming in C
Basic Array
Stack, and Queue
Basic Sorting
Searching Algorithms

BCA Semester 2

Subject Topics
C Programming (Continued) Array
File Handling
Digital Electronics and Computer Organization (Continued) Logic Gates
Circuit Gates
Adder and Subtracter
Combinational Circuit
Sequential Circuit
Memory Organisation
Organizational Behaviour Organizational Behaviour
Perception, Attitude, Values and Motivation
Work Stress
Group Behaviour and Leadership
Conflict in Organizations
Financial Accounting and Management Basics of Accounting
Financial Statement Analysis
Objective of Financial Management
Concept & Components of working Capital
Cash Management
Inventory Management
Receivables Management
Mathematics - 2 Sets
Set Theory
Relations and Functions
Domain and Range
Piecewise Function
Range of a Function
Partial Order Relations and Lattices
Functions of Several Variables
Partial Differentiation
Chain Rule
Euclid Euler Theorem
Coordinate Geometry
3D Coordinate Geometry
Multiple Integration

BCA Semester 3

Subject Topics
OOPL Abstraction
Classes and Objects
Life cycle of Objects
Dynamic Memory Allocation
Inheritance and Polymorphism
Class Hierarchy
Generic functions
Multiple Inheritance
Exception Handling
File Handling
Data Structure Using C and C++ Data Structure
Multidimensional Arrays
Sorting Technique
Computer Architecture and Assembly Language Basic Computer Organization and Design
Central Processing Unit
General Register Organization
Booth’s Algorithm
Computer Arithmetic
Input – Output Organization
Direct memory Address (DMA)< br> Serial Communication
Evolution of Microprocessor
Assembly Language
Business Economics The Scope and Method of Economics
Market Structure
The World Economy
Statistics Population, Sample and Data Condensation
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of Dispersion
Permutations and Combinations
Sample Space

BCA Semester 4

Subject Topics
Computer Graphics and Multimedia Application Representative Uses of Computer Graphics
Interactive Graphics
Hardcopy Technologies
Display Technologies
Raster-Scan Display System
Random-Scan Display processor
Cyrus-Beck Algorithm
Midpoint Subdivision Algorithm
Geometrical Transformation
Matrix Representation of 2D Transformations
Representing Curves & Surfaces
Polygon Meshes
Parametric Cubic Curves
Spatial Partitioning Representations
Introductory Concepts
Multimedia Definition
CD-ROM and the Multimedia Highway
Computer Animation
Uses of Multimedia
Operating System Simple Batch System
Memory Management
Demand Paging
Page-replacement Algorithms
Allocation of Frames
Process Scheduling
Operation on Processes
CPU Scheduling
Process Synchronization
Device Management
Secondary Storage Structure
Swap-Space Management
Information Management
Free-Space Management
Software Engineering Core Concepts of Software Engineering
Requirements Analysis
Designing Software Solutions
Relationship between Design and Implementation
Software Maintenance
Configuration Management
Optimization techniques Linear Programming
Queuing Theory
Classification of Queuing Model
Replacement Theory
Inventory Theory
Job Sequencing
Johnson's Algorithm
Mathematics - 3 Complex Variables
Sequence, Series and Convergence
Vector Calculus
Fourier Series
Ordinary Differential Equations of First Order
Ordinary Differential Equations of Second Order

BCA Semester 5

Subject Topics
Introduction to DBMS Advantages of DBMS
Application of DBMS
DBMS Architecture
E-R Modelling
File Organization
Relational Data Model
Programming using SQL
EER and ER
Data Normalization
Concurrency Control
Web Programming and Designing Java Programming
Java Applets
TCP/IP-based Server Socket
HTML Basics
Java Servlets
Java Server Pages
Python Programming
Unix Programming
Computer Network Basic Concepts
Transmission Media
OSI Model
TCP/IP Model
Numerical Methods Roots of Equations
Bisections Method
Newton’s Raphson Method
Interpolation and Extrapolation
Newton’s Forward and Backward Differences
Gauss’s Interpolation formula
Lagrange’s Interpolation formula for Unequal Intervals
Numerical Differentiation
Numerical Integration
Solution of Linear Equation
Gauss’s Siedel Iterative Method
Solution of Differential Equations
Euler’s Method
Fourth-order Ranga – Kutta Method

BCA Semester 6

Subject Topics
Computer Network Security Model for Internetwork Security
Network Security
IP Security Architecture
Web Security
Network Management Security
System Security
Information System Analysis Design and Implementation Overview of System Analysis and Design
Information Requirement Analysis
Developing a Proposal
Feasibility Study and Cost estimation
System Design
User Interface Design
Application Development Methodologies
Object-oriented Methodologies for Application Development
Design and Implementation of OO Platform
Object-oriented Analysis and Design
Dynamic Modelling
Managerial Issues in Software Projects
E-Commerce B2B Electronic Commerce
Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT)
Public Policy
Infrastructure For E-Commerce
Knowledge Management Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence and Business Decisions
Executive Information and Support Systems
Multi-Dimensional Analysis
Data Mining and Techniques
Data Mining
Knowledge Management Systems

List of Specialization: Cloud Computing; Digital Marketing; Artificial Intelligence; FullStack Developer; DevOps; Mobile Computing; Gaming and Animation; Drone Technology

Scope after Completing the BCA Course

Being technical, result-oriented and well-sought by almost all types of industries, BCA promises vast career opportunities for you. The type of career and industry selected by you must be depended upon your interests and capabilities to deliver the results in favour of the business. So, let’s start discussing the career opportunities available after completing the BCA course, starting first from academics.

  • Higher studies: Going for Masters of Computer Application (MCA) is quite obvious choice for BCA pass outs. And it is not strange as MCA offers you complete mastery by offering in-depth study of technologies as well as expose you to management aspect of IT industry. Another higher academic option available for you is Master in Business Administration (MBA). Seems like opposite poles but today’s modern business world keenly search for such identities that are technically sound and at the same time have the knowledge of doing and managing business. The combo of technical and management best suits to the organizations as it not only reduce the headcount but also shortens several other channels such as communication, expectations, leadership, and mentorship.
  • Software Developer: BCA immediately opens up the doors of software development for mobile, PC, and Web platforms. You can unlock your potentials by delivering cutting edge applications that are reliable, robust and offer unified solution to a business problem. Programming and testing techniques acquired during the tenure of the BCA program can help you a lot in becoming a successful developer.
  • Network Administrator: In the Internet oriented world, managing networks for smooth communication and exchanging data securely is of utmost importance. You can explore career opportunities in computer networking and show your skills in managing the entire infrastructure and safeguarding the assets of the organization.
  • Web Developer: As the Internet is becoming cheaper and more accessible to all sects of the society, the need for websites and Web-based solutions are in high demand to attract customers. A step towards the professional journey of Web developer is a good choice. Through Web programming and designing skills – Java, HTML, JavaScript, JSP – acquired while perusing the BCA course can help you to kick-off the journey of a Web developer.
  • Data Analyst: The demand for data analyst is very much in demand. These are the ones who dig-up the huge data sets and fetch out hidden trends to present the valuable information to the organizations to make pro-active decisions and curb any form of loss. Mathematical, programming and DBMS techniques learned during completing the BCA can help you in prepare the career of data analyst.
  • Digital Marketing and E-Commerce: BCA pass outs can also become digital marketer to build and manage the online reputation of the organization by looking after activities related to SEO and social media platforms. Also, BCAs can assist organizations in setting up their e-commerce model or become a consultant for small businesses to setup their e-commerce wing.
  • Security Specialist: You can offer your services as cyber security specialist and safeguard the IT assets of the organization from any unwanted or unauthorized threat. Alternatively, you can start your own venture by becoming the security consultant and advise different businesses on safe computing practices.

Top BCA Colleges in Delhi NCR

Delhi NCR is well equipped with renowned educational institutes that provide world class infrastructure and latest academics. Few top BCA colleges in Delhi NCR are listed here under:

Maharaja Surajmal Institute, New Delhi

Information Details
Address C-4, Janakpuri, Delhi – 110058
Telephone 011-45656183
URL https://www.msijanakpuri.com/
Email contact@msijanakpuri.com
Connectivity Blue line metro
Estimated Fees INR 86,500/= per year

Amity University, Noida

Information Details
Address Sector-125, Noida – 201313, Uttar Pradesh
Telephone 0120-2445252 / 4713600
URL https://www.amity.edu
Email admissions@amity.edu
Connectivity Magenta and Blue metro lines
Estimated Fees INR 2,15,000/= per year

JIMS Technical Campus, Rohini, New Delhi

Information Details
Address 3, Institutional Area, Sector-5, Near Rithala Metro Station, Rohini, Delhi-110085
Telephone 011-45184000, 45184001, 45184002
URL https://www.jimsindia.org/
Email admissions@jimsindia.org
Connectivity Red and Blue lines metro
Estimated Fees INR 1,60,000/= per year

Institute of Management Studies, Noida

Information Details
Address A-8B, IMS Campus Building, Sector-62, Noida-201303, Uttar Pradesh
Telephone 18001039383
URL https://imsnoida.com/
Email info@imsnoida .com
Connectivity Blue line metro
Estimated Fees INR 1,50,000/= per year

Lloyd Institute of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida

Information Details
Address Plot No. 3, Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201306
Telephone +91 9821582662
URL https://liet.in/
Email admission@liet.in
Connectivity Aqua line metro
Estimated Fees INR 90,000/= per year

Sharda University, Greater Noida

Information Details
Address Plot No. 3, Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201306
Telephone +91 9821582662
URL https://sharda.ac.in/
Email admission@sharda.ac.in
Connectivity Aqua line metro
Estimated Fees INR 1,60,000/= per year

Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi

Information Details
Address Mehrauli Badarpur Road, New Delhi, Delhi 110062
Telephone 011 2605 9688
URL http://jamiahamdard.edu/
Email info@jamiahamdard.ac.in
Connectivity Magenta and Blue line metro
Estimated Fees INR 80,000/= per year

GNIOT Group of Institutions

Information Details
Address Plot No. 7, Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201310
Telephone +91 8860606661/62/63; 0120-2328214/15/16
URL https://www.gniotgroup.edu.in/
Email admission@gniot.net.in
Connectivity Aqua line metro
Estimated Fees INR 90,000/= per year

Factors to be Considered while Choosing a College for BCA

Today, many colleges lure students under the pretext of a successful career after completing the BCA course provided by them. It is highly recommended that you not trust such institutes at the very first instance. Make thorough research about the institute, which encompasses:

  • • Recognition and Affiliation: Is your dream college recognized by AICTE and UGC? Does it have affiliation with some central university or act itself as a deemed university? Plus, do you need to clarify any national-level or institute-based entrance tests? If you don't have clear-cut answers on this point, then shift your focus to another college.
  • • Placement Record: What is the placement record of the college? What percentage of students got OJT and payroll based jobs? What is the average annual package offered to the students? With whom your dream college is associated in strategic partnership for providing job opportunities? Seeking answers to these questions will bring you satisfaction over the time and money that you are about to spend in the name of the college.
  • • Course Offered: Is your BCA course aligned with the market trends or technologies that are much in demand not only in IT but across other industries as well? Does the college have adequate infrastructure to continue or offer learning in the online mode? After the Corona pandemic, such questions have now become the benchmark for every industry in order to survive, continue, and thrive.
  • • Campus and Accessibility: Try to visit the campus before making the final decision and look out for the surroundings to check the accessibility of the campus from prominent locations, facilities offered by the institute like classrooms, labs, hostels, and important places such as hospitals, markets, malls, and banks nearby the campus, etc. A personal visit is always better than a virtual trip.
  • • Scope of Financial Assistance: Is your college providing education based on educational loans and scholarships? And what are other variables of the admission fees that you might have to pay on the spot to register the seat? A readiness for such answers will help you to remodel the finances that are going to remain with you for the next three years or so. Plus, keep 10% of the extra budget for educational fees only, as sometimes fees are escalated without any prior estimation.


BCA is a lucrative course with ample job opportunities. Being a technical course, exposure to mathematics until class XII is mandatory, along with analytical skills. Plus, 50% of the score is required on the class XII mark sheet. After completing the BCA course, you can start your career as a software developer, network administrator, web developer, data analyst, digital marketer, e-commerce specialist, or security specialist. You can choose the BCA course from popular colleges in the Delhi NCR region after carefully examining them as per the factors provided above.